From American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI) provided information on the frequently asked questions about the COVID-19 Vaccine. These questions are from the patients, so they help clarify the frequently asked questions about the COVID-19 Vaccine. These recommendations are the basis of the best knowledge available to date. Still, they could change at any time, pending new information and new guidance from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the Centers for Disease Control and Disease Prevention (CDC).
Frequently Asked Questions About COVID-19 Vaccine
1. Why should I get vaccinated against COVID-19 am I a candidate to get?
A COVID-19 vaccine helps to prevent you from getting COVID-19 or getting seriously ill if you do. Getting everyone vaccinated against COVID-19 is the way to prevent the pandemic situation. The benefits of the Vaccine are helpful to the good number of people to outward the risks.
Anyone who does not have a contraindication while receiving the COVID-19 Vaccine should receive it. A history of a critical allergic reaction is the only contraindication due to current vaccine components. It includes sensitivity to PEG (polyethylene glycol) or polysorbate, which cross-reacts with PEG.
However, the authorities have not approved for under 12 years children, COVID-19 vaccines, and specialists yet. Because still, Safety and efficacy studies are underway in children and adolescents.
2. How can I know that the COVID-19 vaccine is safe to me?
One of the main questions on frequently asked questions about the COVID-19 Vaccine is that More than 110,000 people participated in clinical trials in the US. It was an experience that happened earlier before the approval of the new COVID-19 vaccines. According to CDC figures from May 13, more than 154 million people have got at least one dose of their COVID-19 Vaccine. These figures exclude about 118 million people fully vaccinated with the Johnson & Johnson single-dose vaccine or the two-dose series from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna.
Experiments have demonstrated the safety of the COVID-19 Vaccine in a wide range of the population, including different ages, races, ethnicities, and those with different medical afflictions.
3. Where can I get the vaccine and which should I get?
When you meet the requirements required by your state and wherever it is available to you, get your Vaccination. Check with your county and state health department for more information.
New mass vaccination sites open every day across the country. State and local health departments give COVID vaccines directly to communities through their mobile units in some areas. They also arrive at the areas where Vaccination takes place.
Receive any available vaccines. We may note that The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are very similar and are equally safe and effective. Both have met the rigorous safety standards set by the FDA. The only significant and minor difference is the second dose of the Pfizer vaccine for people aged between 18 and 23 days after the first dose. In comparison, the second dose of the Moderna vaccine is given 28 days after the first dose. You should do your best to get the same Vaccine for both doses.
In late February, The authorities granted a third COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use authorization. Johnson & Johnson (J&J) manufactured this Vaccine. It uses an adenoviral vector that cannot replicate and contains DNA for protein S (“spike”). Thus, as with mRNA vaccines, muscle cells produce protein S that stimulates the immune system to produce protective antibodies. Only a single dose of this Vaccine is sufficient.
4. Let me know the after-effects if I do not take my second dose of the Vaccine within the recommended time
After the minimum recommended time, get the second dose as soon as possible to ensure that you have the best possible protection. The estimation says that the protection offered by a single dose of the Vaccine is 50%, and the second dose increases it to more than 90%. According to the CDC, We should give the second dose as close to the recommended interval as possible. However, suppose we can not meet the recommended interval. In that case, we can schedule the second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines for administration up to 6 weeks it means 42 days after the first dose.”
5. Why do I have to receive a second dose of the Vaccine three or four weeks after the first dose?
The first dose stimulates the immune system. It produces protective antibodies. And the second dose boosts the production of those antibodies, thereby significantly boosting your protection.
6. Is it necessary that the two doses be with the same Vaccine?
If possible, yes. The CDC says they should make all their efforts to determine. Which vaccination product was received as the first dose to ensure the series of vaccines with the same product. The CDC also notes that the first dose vaccination product cannot be determined or is no longer available in rare situations. Any available mRNA COVID-19 vaccine can be given with a minimum of 28 days within doses to complete the COVID-19 mRNA vaccination series. If, in these situations (or inadvertently), we administered Two doses of different COVID-19 mRNA vaccines. We do not recommend additional doses of either product; remember that the J&J vaccine is a single dose.
7. Are there any chances of getting COVID-19 from my Vaccine?
You cannot get COVID-19 from any of the available vaccines or investigational vaccines. The mRNA vaccines encode only the protein S information of the virus. Similarly, the Johnson & Johnson vaccine uses an adenovirus vector encodes the same S protein as mRNA vaccines. Neither can cause COVID-19. Vaccines go through rigorous clinical trial testing to ensure safety and effectiveness for those who receive them. Similarly, COVID vaccines maintain similar rigorous standards of safety and effectiveness. It is so in the case of all other types of vaccines in the United States.
8. What are the Side Effects and Long-Term Side Effects of Vaccines?
Many people were this question as frequently asked questions about the COvid-19 Vaccine because most people who get the Vaccine do not have severe problems after being vaccinated. Pain, redness, or warmth to the touch may occur where the injection was given on the arm, as can occur with injections of any kind. As is sometimes the case with vaccines, you may experience low fever, headache, and fatigue for the first 24 hours. After many days of Vaccination, a rash may arise where we gave the injection. These symptoms usually disappear on their own. It clarifies that your immune system is doing what it is supposed to do: work and increase protection against disease.
We have not identified the Long-term side effects of currently available vaccines. The FDA and CDC continue to monitor safety in the general population, as they do with all new medical products. Part of that download a new “V-safe” Phone App for the screening process. It routinely sends you text messages after receiving the COVID-19 Vaccine. It briefly asks how you are feeling and what side effects, if any, you are experiencing some in real-time. It is an ideal way to study and document any short-term or long-term side effects of a vaccine.
9. What are the allergic reactions to the Vaccine?
Report on Some patients who have experienced anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction) after receiving the COVID-19 Vaccine. These cases are rare and occur less than once for every 200,000 injections. Consequently, the CDC published guidance related to vaccines against COVID-19 and severe allergic reactions. Guidance published on the allergic reactions threat to COVID mRNA Vaccines by the American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology (ACAAI). Would you please try to visit an experienced allergist or immunologist in advance? Suppose you have a history of anaphylaxis, mast cell disease, or concern about getting the Vaccine, please do this.
10. Are there contraindications to getting the COVID-19 Vaccine?
According to the CDC, people have had an immediate, even non-severe, allergic reaction to the Vaccine or injectable therapy. They should consult with their doctor to determine if they should receive a COVID-19 vaccine. The CDC indicates that it is a precaution and not a contraindication.
According to the CDC, you can now administer COVID-19 vaccines and other vaccines regardless of time intervals. That includes simultaneous control of the COVID-19 Vaccine and the other vaccines same day. Also, it includes co-administration within 14 days.
For patients who had anaphylaxis after receiving a COVID-19 mRNA vaccine, the CDC released guidelines related to COVID-19 vaccines and severe allergic reactions by following a small number of patients’ reports. Guidance published on the allergic reactions threat to COVID mRNA Vaccines by the American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology (ACAAI).
Patients who experience a severe or immediate allergic reaction (less than 4 hours) after the first dose of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine should not receive the second dose.
Although there is no identifies a specific component of vaccines that causes anaphylaxis. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is one of the excipients of these vaccines. That should not show to cause anaphylaxis. We should not give the Johnson & Johnson vaccine to anyone who has had an immediate allergic reaction to the ingredients in the Vaccine. People having a known history of severe allergic reactions to any vaccine component should not get COVID-19 mRNA vaccines.
11. Can we give the JOHNSON & JOHNSON Vaccine as a “BOOSTER” if a person has an immediate allergic reaction to the first mRNA Vaccine?
After reviewing a detailed history, allergists will discuss the risks and benefits with their patients. They may recommend using the J&J vaccine as a booster to the patient who does not have contraindications to the J&J vaccine. However, we don’t have current data on the effectiveness or safety of using the J&J vaccine in this way. The CDC recommends that patients discuss this with their doctors.
12. If I have had an allergic reaction to an anti-allergic injection, an insect bite, or a food allergy, can I get COVID Vaccination?
Yes, allergic reactions to medications, foods, or bee stings are not a cause to avoid your Vaccine. However, suppose you have a history of anaphylaxis for any reason. In that case, we recommend that we administer the Vaccine in a facility that can treat allergic reactions. You may keep under observation for a duration of half an hour later the administration of the Vaccine.
Suppose you have any specific questions or concerns regarding the COVID Vaccine and a candidate who receives it. In that case, it is better to make an appointment to meet with an experienced allergy/immunology doctor. So far, we have not conducted studies on vaccine administration with other immunizations or biopharmaceuticals. Advised not to receive The COVID-19 Vaccine on the same day as an allergy shot or biopharmaceutical administration.
13. Suppose I get the allergy injection, XOLAIR, another BIOPHARMAC, or another GAMMAGLOBULIN infusion. Can I get the COVID Vaccine on the same day?
No information of conducted studies on Administration of the Vaccine with other immunizations or biopharmaceuticals is available. If, on the same day as an allergy shot or biopharmaceutical administration prevails, please don’t receive the COVID-19 Vaccine.
14. Can I keep taking my allergy and asthma medications on the same day I receive the COVID Vaccine? Does the effectiveness of the Vaccine decrease?
Yes, take your usual medications the same day you get vaccinated. If you don’t take medication daily, the CDC does not recommend pre-medication before getting vaccinated. There are no contraindications to taking any prescription or over-the-counter allergy or asthma medications and receiving COVID-19 vaccines. And if you have any questions about these, please talk to your doctor.
15. How long after recovering from COVID-19 can I get Vaccinated If I recovered from COVID-19?
Yes. The Vaccine offered immunity may offer better or longer protection than the virus itself. It is better to receive the COVID-19 Vaccine as soon as the symptoms of the disease resolve. Better get the Vaccine within 90 days of contracting the disease, as your antibody protection may begin to decline.
16. How often should I get Vaccinated against COVID-19? Is it like the Flu Vaccine, and do I have to get it every year?
For now, we do not have the answers to these questions, and we will closely follow as more information becomes available.
17. Should I use masks and avoid close contact with other people if I have received toe doses of the Vaccine?
According to the CDC, please note that those who have received all vaccine doses need not use face masks or maintain a safe distance in most indoor or outdoor places. However, there is an exception required by federal laws, rules, and regulations, State, local, tribal or territorial, including local directions for businesses and workplaces. Follow to note that these CDC recommendations. They do not apply to healthcare settings, including doctors’ offices and hospitals—transportation hubs such as train stations and airports, correctional facilities, and homeless shelters home.
More information is available at CDC: After Receiving the Complete Vaccine and CDC: Interim Public Health Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated Persons.
18. Are there enough Vaccines for everyone?
Yes. The government has purchased enough vaccines to immunize all Americans. The goal is to be enough COVID-19 vaccines by May 1 to immunize all adults and children 12 and older.
19. How long does the protection last after Vaccination?
We do not yet know how long the protection will last after Vaccination. We measure both in clinical trials and among groups currently vaccinated.
20. Can children not get the COVID-19 Vaccine?
On May 12, 2021, CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) endorsed the safety and efficacy of Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine and its use in adolescents ages 12-15. In his statement, he noted that the CDC now recommends using this Vaccine among this population, and providers can begin vaccinating this group immediately.
Clinical trials are currently underway in children under 12 years of age to know precisely when can vaccinate this population.
21. Can pregnant women and nursing mothers get Vaccinated?
This question is one of the frequently asked questions about COVID-19 Vaccine by many women; let us examine how those vaccines work in the body. Specialists believe that they are unlikely to pose a risk to pregnant women. We have affirmation in this regard. However, there is now have little data on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in pregnant women.
There are ongoing or planned clinical trials studying the safety of COVID-19 vaccines and how they work in pregnant women. Vaccine manufacturers also collect and review data from completed clinical trials with women who received the Vaccine and became pregnant. Before or during pregnancy, conducted studies in animals that received the COVID-19 Vaccine from Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, or J & J / Janssen. It did not reveal before or during pregnancy revealed safety concerns in pregnant animals or their offspring.
Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine during your pregnancy can protect you and prevent you from getting severe symptoms from COVID-19. Pregnant women are more likely to suffer seriously ill from COVID-19 compared to women who are not pregnant. You can still get the COVID-19 Vaccine even if you are pregnant. If you have any questions about Vaccination, a consultation with a medical professional may help but is not necessary for Vaccination.
22. Is there a history that receiving injected dermal fillers is a contraindication to the COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine?
Receiving dermal filler injections is not a contraindication to the administration of the mRNA vaccine. People who have received dermal fillers may develop swelling at or near the injected filler site after a dose of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine is given. The symptom is temporary and treatable. Even we have seen this with other vaccines.
23. Should people continue to get a seasonal Flu Vaccine annually? What is the recommended interval regarding the administration of the COVID-19 Vaccine?
It is essential to get the flu vaccine, notably since flu can cause symptoms similar to COVID-19. Let us reduce the number of people suffering from severe influenza. They may require hospitalization. It will also help ensure that the health care system, hospitals, and intensive care units are not overwhelmed in the event of an increase in COVID-19 cases during the flu season. According to the CDC, COVID-19 vaccines and administer other vaccines can now regardless of time intervals. That includes simultaneous control of the COVID-19 Vaccine and the other vaccines same day. Also, it includes co-administration within 14 days.
Suppose you still have any frequently asked questions about the COVID-19 Vaccine. In that case, you must have to contact professional and experienced doctors to clarify doubts by yourself.