Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness, is a condition that affects most people who ascend to a much higher altitude than they are used to.
People who live in fairly low plains or heights tend to feel this pressure change at heights greater than 2,500 meters above sea level.
This change is generated due to the atmospheric pressure, which tend to decrease, leaving; as a result of thin air, but heavy.
This causes us to aspire less oxygen and our body to run out looking for ways to get more.
If you have planned a visit to the mountain and want to be prepared to deal with altitude sickness, today we bring you some tips to avoid or overcome the altitude sickness.
The symptoms of altitude sickness are very varied. Many people are not affected at all, and others say they feel a kind of hangover.
Also, many others have had to be taken to emergency due to the severity of the symptoms.
This evil can affect people of any age, beginners or experienced.
Among the discomforts that may occur are:
- Intense headache
- Dizziness and fainting
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fatigue and general exhaustion
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Difficulty breathing
Tips to avoid discomfort by altitude
The best way to deal with altitude sickness is to adapt. The most advisable thing is not to agitate more of the account and not to make great efforts the first days of acclimatization.
Before making the trip to the mountain or site with altitude, it is very important to sleep well, not overeat and avoid 100% alcoholic beverages.
- When you are already at altitude, it is essential that you rest the first day; This will help your body adapt better to the change.
- Performing breathing exercises will be very useful to avoid dyspnea, as well as consume a lot of water.
- Remember that you should not eat too much. Also, it is better to opt for easily digested foods such as fruits and vegetables.
- Avoid foods with a high carbohydrate and protein content, such as red meat.
How to fight altitude sickness
In places like Machu Picchu, infusion bags are available to prepare coca tea, which is one of the first steps to achieve an adequate acclimatization.
Coca can also be found in leaves, which are introduced directly into the mouth or in candies, which offer a sweet touch to the bitter taste of this plant.
One of the best ways to combat altitude sickness is by staying calm.
It is important to remember that it is only temporary and is an adaptation process since your body is receiving less oxygen.
If you present any discomfort, such as dizziness or nausea, do not panic and rest until better.
Every time you are at rest, try to breathe deeply to accustom your lungs to the change in oxygen levels.
Breathing calmly will help you to improve any discomfort you have considerably.
Drink a lot of water
The climates in high zones tend to be drier, so it is very necessary to drink enough water to avoid symptoms caused by dehydration or the aggravation of the discomforts presented by altitude.
Do not consume alcohol
Alcoholic beverages can aggravate and even complicate any discomfort such as dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.
Also, height influences the speed with which alcohol acts in the blood, meaning that it gets drunk much faster.
Pills for altitude sickness
A fast and efficient option to combat altitude sickness is to take these pills that are purchased without a prescription and commonly found in pharmacies near the high areas.
- These pills are responsible for improving blood circulation to the brain, significantly increasing respiratory capacity and, therefore, the entry of oxygen into the body.
This is a natural and very effective option that helps the correct absorption of oxygen.
You can add a few drops of chlorophyll to the water you drink to increase the amount of red blood cells in the blood.