No one knows about Monkeypox, where it originates. Still, experts believe small rodents and squirrels transmit that virus in the tropical rainforests of Africa. Most of these virus cases have occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although the virus’s name is Monkeypox, the virus does not reside in apes.
Monkeypox is very rare. However, recently, the number of cases has increased in several countries. Reasons for Monkeypox may include the following:
- People no longer get the smallpox vaccine, which helped protect them from Monkeypox.
- People move to areas where animals that carry the virus live.
Previously monkeypox outbreak occurred in the United States in 2003 when some imported infected rodents as pets from Africa. The rodents spread the virus to prairie dogs, which infected people in the Midwest.
Monkeypox is likely to be transmitted when people come into contact with the bodily fluids of infected animals. For example, if a person bites by an infected animal or if a person inhales airborne droplets containing the virus. Transmission between people is less frequent.
Monkeypox usually occurs in children.
Monkeypox causes symptoms similar to those of smallpox. The disease begins with a fever. A rash appears within 1 to 3 days of the onset of fever. It usually starts on the face and then spreads to other body parts. It includes the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. The other effects of this disease are chills, headache, muscle aches, back pain, extreme fatigue, and, unlike smallpox, swollen and prominent lymph nodes.
The symptoms of Monkeypox rash begin as flat, red spots like smallpox. These spots turn into blisters filled with pus—the bumps crust over within several days.
People with Monkeypox can make more likely to develop other infections. Some people who have Monkeypox develop bacterial infections of the skin and lungs.
The disease is usually milder than smallpox but can cause death. There were no deaths in the 2003 outbreak in the United States. Several countries, including the United States, are experiencing the outbreak of the virus now again.
Monkeypox usually survives for 2 to 4 weeks in a human body.
The diagnosis of Monkeypox may involve
- They send samples of infected tissue to a laboratory so that the virus can be cultured and analyzed
- Blood tests to seem for antibodies to the monkeypox virus
- Detection of virus genetic material (DNA) in infected tissue
- Conducting of Microscopic examination of a sample of infected tissue
The Monkeypox virus is closely associated with the virus that causes smallpox. Doctors administer and use the ‘JYNNEOS’ vaccine to prevent smallpox as well as Monkeypox. Furthermore, previous data from Africa suggests that the smallpox vaccine is at least 85% effective in preventing Monkeypox.
Also, there has been no safe and proven treatment for monkeypox virus infection up to now. The Treatment of Monkeypox primarily aims at focussing on symptom relief. The antiviral drugs may be effective, but those did not study for Monkeypox treatment.