Coronary artery disease is the most typical heart disease in human life. It is also the leading cause of death in both men and women all around the world.
When you have this, your heart muscle doesn’t get enough blood. It can lead to serious problems, including heart attacks.
It can be traumatic to learn that you have coronary artery disease. Many people are found out only when they have a heart attack. You may have or not have a heart attack. You can do many things to delay coronary artery disease and reduce your risk of future problems.
Causes For The Disease
Arteries are the blood veins that bring oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. The hardening of the arteries causes Coronary artery disease. That means that fatty deposits called plaque build up inside the arteries.
Atherosclerosis may affect any artery in your body. It ensues in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, and it is called coronary artery disease.
When plaque assists in the coronary arteries, the heart may not get the blood it needs to function well. Eventually, this can weaken or damage the heart. If a plaque incisions, the body tries to repair the tear by forming a clot around it. The clot can preclude blood flow to the heart and cause a heart attack.
Symptoms OF Coronary Artery Disease
Symptoms of coronary artery disease may appear when the heart is working harder and needs more oxygen, for example, during exercise. Symptoms include:
- Angina, which is most often chest pain or discomfort or a strange feeling in the chest.
- Shortness of breath.
- Sometimes getting a heart attack is the first sign of coronary artery disease.
Less common symptoms of coronary artery disease include rapid heartbeat, upset stomach, and increased sweating. Some people do not have any symptoms. Rarely may a person have a silent heart attack without symptoms.
Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosis
If you visit a doctor, he will do a physical exam and ask about your past health and risk factors. Risk factors are things that raise the possibility that you will get coronary artery disease.
There are some common risk factors are being older than 65, smoking, having high blood pressure, having high cholesterol or diabetes, and having heart disease in your family.
If your doctor thinks that you have coronary artery disease, you may need tests to see how well your heart works. These tests include an ECG, chest x-ray, stress electrocardiogram, and blood tests. Also, you may have a coronary angiogram to check the blood supply to your heart.
Treatment For The Disease
Treatment focuses on reducing your heart attack and stroke risk and managing your symptoms. Lifestyle changes are made, and medications and procedures are used.
- Lifestyle changes include quitting smoking, eating heart-healthy foods, exercising regularly, and staying at a healthy weight. Also, reducing your stress level and limiting the amount of alcohol you drink. A cardiac rehab program will help you make these changes in your life.
- Medications can help lower your high cholesterol and high blood pressure, control angina, and lower your risk of a blood clot.
- Procedures that improve blood supply to the heart include angioplasty and bypass surgery.