Knowing the signs and symptoms of breast cancer is the first step in preventing this complex disease. However, you must be alert because its signs can go unnoticed when the disease is still early. The concept of breast cancer is something that we have explored repeatedly. Even so, it does not hurt to review it again. Let’s start by remembering that breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the breast cells. This alteration causes breast cells to grow uncontrollably, accumulating and forming a lump or mass, thus affecting the gland tissue. These are the signs of breast cancer.
Mostly, breast cancer begins in the cells of the breast ducts. And, as it begins its expansion to other parts of the breast, it obtains the denomination of “invasive duct carcinoma.” It is the primary type of breast cancer, present in approximately 70% to 80% of this type of breast cancer cases.
Hence the importance of identifying breast cancer signs and symptoms early. If you have any of the signs that we will talk about below, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. Now, you need to know that many women with breast cancer have no signs of it at the time of diagnosis. It is because the disease is still early. So it is about acting if there are symptoms and monitoring the breasts even without obvious signs of breast cancer.
We must bear in mind that changes in the breast can also be related to other diseases or medical conditions other than cancer. So the assistance of a health professional who performs the necessary tests to reach a proper diagnosis is of utmost importance. Your regular check-ups and the comparison between each of them will give you and your doctor the necessary information to make the best decisions regarding your health.
Signs And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer
Here mentioned Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include the following:
- A lump that feels like a firm knot or a thickening of the breast or under the arm.
It is essential to feel the same area on the other breast to make sure the change is not part of the healthy breast tissue in that area.
- Observe any change in the size or shape of the breast.
- Nipple discharge that occurs suddenly contains blood or occurs only from one breast.
- Physical changes include an inverted nipple (turned inward) or a sore in the nipple area.
- Skin irritation or skin changes, such as new ridges, dimples, scaling, or folds.
- Warm, red and swollen breasts, with or without a skin rash with roughness similar to the so-called “orange peel.”
- Pain in the breast, particularly, a pain that does not go away. It is not generally a symptom of breast cancer, but you should contact your doctor.
All these signs can appear simultaneously or in isolation. It can be symptoms of early or advanced breast cancer. However, remember, the presence of any of these signs does not necessarily indicate the existence of breast cancer. Still, it will most likely require treatment.
Identify Your Advanced Stage Of Breast Cancer
In breast cancer in this state, in addition to the symptoms and lesions in the breast worsening, there are other warning signs not related to the breast:
- Bone pain.
- Loss of appetite
- The appearance of skin ulcers.
- Severe headaches.
- General muscle weakness.
Usually, these symptoms of the breast cancer cause because advanced cancer metastasizes. That is, it has spread to other vital organs or places in the body.
Is A Breast Lump Is A Synonymous With Cancer?
Not necessarily; many conditions can cause breast lumps, including cancer. However, most breast lumps cause other conditions. The two most common causes of breast lumps are fibrocystic disease and cysts. The fibrocystic disease causes breast changes that are not cancerous and can cause lumps, tenderness, and pain. Cysts are tiny fluid-filled sacs that can form in the breasts.
Main Types Of Breast Cancer
Just as there are various symptoms of breast cancer, there are various types of this cancer, depending on their development, some of which are more aggressive than others. The main ones are:
Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) :
It is a type of early-stage breast cancer that develops in the ducts and, in this way, has a high probability of being cured. It is known as the earliest stage of breast cancer.
Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS) :
It is the second most common type in women, being in the initial phase, but it locates in the glands that produce breast milk. This type is not very aggressive and easy to deal with it.
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) :
It is the primary type of breast cancer, and it means that it is in a more advanced stage; Cancer started in the breast milk-producing gland but has spread to other parts of the breast. It can cause metastasis.
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (CLI) :
It is rarer and more challenging to identify. It begins in the milk-producing glands and, like the previous one, can spread to other parts of the body. This cancer can also be related to the development of cancer in the ovary.
Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma :
It is an aggressive but sporadic cancer. It affects the entire breast, causing redness and a higher temperature than usual.
Symptoms of breast cancer of this type are related to cancer cells blocking lymphatic vessels in the skin, causing the breast to appear “swollen.” In addition to these breast cancers, others are less common, such as medullary carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, tubular carcinoma, malignant phyllodes tumor, or Paget’s disease of the nipple.
Conclusion And Recommendations
New and improved treatments are helping people with breast cancer live longer. And prevention lies in how well we know our breasts and identify the symptoms of breast cancer. However, you should know that, even with treatment, breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes the cancer returns after the entire tumor are removed, and the lymph nodes are free of cancer. It is not unusual for some women to develop new cancer unrelated to the original tumor.
In this case, recovery after breast cancer treatment depends on many factors. However, breast cancer survival rates have risen sharply today. The number of deaths collaterally, this disease is now steadily decreasing. That is why we must treat it on time; the sooner, the better. So if you are cancer-free, get busy looking for ways to prevent it. A healthy lifestyle could save your life. Remember to include fruits, vegetables and vegetables in your diet, in addition to practicing regular physical activity, avoiding the abuse of alcoholic beverages and eliminating cigarette consumption.
In addition, to effectively prevent breast cancer, you need to have a regular mammogram. Ideally, it should carry it out annually after reaching 40 years of age. However, some European mastology medical societies advise performing this exam, from the age of 50, 2 times a week. However, women with first-degree relatives who have had breast or ovarian cancer under the age of 50 should have mammograms ten years before the first case in the family. In addition to this, monthly breast self-examination is also essential. Remember that the best way to fight breast cancer is to detect it early. Early detection will always give you the best prognosis!