Influenza viruses cause Influenza flu which is a contagious respiratory illness. It can cause mild to severe illness. The severe results of influenza infection can be hospitalization or death. Some people, namely older people, young children, and people with certain conditions, are at high risk. They are prone to severe complications from this flu. There are two types of influenza (Flu) viruses: A and B. Influenza A and B viruses generally spread from person to person (human influenza viruses) each year cause seasonal influenza epidemics. Through vaccination to all, every year is the best way to prevent the flu.
Key Facts About The Influenza Flu
Influenza flu can cause mild or severe illness and can sometimes lead to death. The flu is different from the cold. The flu usually starts suddenly. People with the Flu sometimes feel some of these symptoms:
- fever or feeling feverish / chills
- throat pain
- runny nose or stuffy nose
- muscle aches or body aches
- fatigue (tiredness)
- People may have vomiting sensation and diarrhea sometimes. It is prevalent in children when compared to adults.
It is essential to clarify that not all people with influenza will have a fever.
Spread Of Influenza
Most experts believe that flu viruses generally spread primarily through the tiny droplets of the flu cough, sneeze, or talk. These droplets may touch the mouth or nose parts of bystanders. A person may get the flu by touching a flu virus-contaminated surface or an object. Then touch their mouth, nose, or eyes. Of course, that is a rare phenomenon.
How To Prevent Seasonal Flu
The best way to prevent seasonal flu is to get a vaccination to prevent influenza every year. People have proved that the influenza flu vaccine will reduce flu-related illness, lessening the risk of such complications leading to hospitalizations or even death. Recommends taking daily preventive measures such as staying away from sick people, covering your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing. Frequent handwashing to help decrease the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses (nose, throat, and lungs), such as influenza.
Why Is It Necessary To Get Influenza Flu Vaccine?
The flu is a contagious disease. It spreads throughout the United States each year, sometime during the period from October to May. Anyone can get the flu. However, it is more dangerous for some people. Infants and young children, people above 65 years old, pregnant people, and people with certain medical conditions have the chance of risk. Also, a weakened immune system of people may have an increased risk for complications from the flu.
Examples of flu-related complications are Pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis, and ear infections. The flu can worsen a specific medical condition, such as cancer, heart disease, or diabetes. The flu can cause fever and chills in addition to muscle aches, fatigue, headache, cough, and a runny or stuffy nose. Vomiting and diarrhea are more common in children when compared to adults. Even some people may have such conditions.
In an average year, thousands of people are dying from the flu in the United States, hospitalized many more. The flu vaccine prevents many flu-related illnesses and office visits each year.
Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccines
Specialists recommend that they should provide vaccination to people older than six months in all flu seasons. Children may need two doses during a flu season between the age of six months to eight years. Other people need only one dose every flu season.
We use the live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) as a nasal spray for vaccination. Doctor administer that nasal spray vaccine to non-pregnant people from 2 years to 49 years of age generally.
There are many flu viruses, and people are constantly changing. Each year, they develop a new flu vaccine to protect against flu viruses that they think it likely to cause illness in the following season. Even if the vaccine does not fully match these viruses, it can still provide protection. After vaccination, protection takes about two weeks to develop.
The influenza vaccine does not cause the flu. Giving the flu vaccine can at the same time as other vaccines.
Talk To Your Healthcare Provider
Inform the vaccination provider if they wish to vaccinate the person :
- You are younger than two years old or older than 49 years old.
- They don’t recommend the attenuated influenza vaccine with virus viruses for pregnant people if you are pregnant.
- Had experienced allergic reactions after a previous dose of flu vaccine or undergone severe life-threatening allergies.
- Have a weakened immune system
- You are a child between the ages of 2 – 4 with asthma or a history of wheezing in the past 12 months.
- You are five years old or older and have asthma.
- If you have taken flu antiviral medications in the past three weeks.
- You may have other underlying medical conditions which may lead you to a high risk for serious flu-related complications. We know such flu-related severe complications such as heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease.
On some occasions, your healthcare provider may decide to postpone the flu vaccine until a later visit.
People with minor illnesses, such as colds, can get the vaccine. People who are moderate to severe illnesses must wait until they recover before getting the flu vaccine. You must have to provide your healthcare provider can give you more information.
Risks Of A Vaccine Reaction
- People with running noses or stuffy nostrils may experience wheezing and headaches after using the LAIV vaccine.
- Vomiting, muscle aches, sore throat, fever, and cough are other possible side effects may get.
Any other drug may cause different types of reactions. However, there is a remote chance of the vaccine causing a severe allergic reaction, other serious injuries, or death. If those problems arise, they are usually post-vaccination issues. They are mild and short-lived.