Hip Arthrosis has a slow evolution, it can affect both hips. The most important symptom pain, which relieved by rest.
Hip osteoarthritis is the degeneration or wear of the hyaline cartilage present at each end of a joint. This cartilage covers the joint. This cartilage protects against sliding of the joint on another as well as the cushioning of loads.
An imbalance trauma, genetic defect and misuse of the joint decrease the ability to retain water in the cartilage. This results in progressive wear of the joint until the bones end up deforming. For this reason, there is pain and loss of mobility.
Causes And Risk Factors of Hip Arthrosis
Its cause is unknown although there are several conditions that favor its appearance. In the first place, the genetic load for which osteoarthritis inherited.
The malformations of the limbs also predispose to suffer, especially in the lower extremities, which support the weight. For this reason, the overweight or obese contributes to overloading the hips and knees, increasing the chance of wear.
Intensive sports practice can also favor the appearance of osteoarthritis. Especially Intensive sports practice effects the lower extremities, as well as certain trades. Trauma can also lead to early osteoarthritis because a fracture can cause the joint to stop fitting well.
What Are The Symptoms Of Hip Osteoarthritis?
The most important symptom is a pain, which manifests in the groin, thigh, inner thighs, and even knees. The pain usually related to activity and relieved by rest.
Although this type of pain called mechanical pain and different from inflammatory joint pain. Inflammatory joint pain persists even at rest.
Both hips affected, although usually, only one or especially one hurts. Another symptom of hip osteoarthritis is the loss of movement, which makes daily activities difficult.
Both pain and disability are progressive although the evolution is different in each person. Lameness is another symptom of hip osteoarthritis. It is accompanied by a characteristic body swing if it affects both joints.
Hip arthrosis has a slow evolution over the years, depending on the activity that it leads. Many people with the help of proper treatment, can make normal life
Diagnosis Of Hip Osteoarthritis
The diagnosis is made with an interrogation about the symptoms and their characteristics. In addition, an exploration of the hip joint made, with its movements. In this way, the specialist can evaluate the degree of Hip Arthrosis that exists.
The x-ray of the hip done to confirm the diagnosis. The typical changes produced by hip osteoarthritis observed. This allows establishing a prognosis on the severity of it, depending on which hip more or less worn.
There is no direct relationship between the intensity of degeneration and that of symptoms. However, a very worn hip may be free of pain, although it will always be more rigid, and vice versa.
Treatment of Hip Arthrosis
The main objective of the treatment of osteoarthritis is to improve pain and functional disability.
Pharmacotherapy of Hip Arthrosis
The drugs are useful to control pain in hip osteoarthritis. In addition, they improve the functionality of the people affected.
Analgesics, the most used medications. They reduce pain and improve the stiffness of the joint. The most common analgesic is paracetamol.
Anti-inflammatories, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, they are used especially when the pain is more acute.
Chondroprotection: are constituent substances of articular cartilage and reduce pain. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate included in this group.
Interarticular therapy or infiltrations, the anti-inflammatory substances administered inside the joint. In most cases, glucocorticoids infiltrated and, more recently, hyaluronic acid.
Good Habits For Preventing Hip Osteoarthritis
- The most effective measure in hip osteoarthritis involves prevention and acquiring good life habits such as:
- Avoid overweight: weight loss clearly improves the pain associated with osteoarthritis.
- Do not perform repetitive movements.
- Correct postural hygiene.
- Physical exercise, individualized for each patient and must be done on a regular basis.