Cluster headaches are intense attacks of headache or eye pain. They tend to affect one side of the head, and the pain arises from around or behind the eye. These headaches tend to recur. The cause of cluster headaches is uncertain. Cluster headache can affect anyone but usually young and middle-aged adults. Treatment is limited to pain relievers (pain relievers) and breathing pure oxygen for a short time. Cluster headaches have no cure, but they can control them. Cluster headache tend to be less frequent over time.
Symptoms Of Cluster Headache
Cluster headache symptoms are a strong, sharp, stabbing headache on one side that starts suddenly around or behind the eye. Other symptoms may include droopy eyelids, tearing, red eyes, and a runny nose. These cluster headaches can last between 15 minutes and 3 hours. There is usually no pain in the period between headaches. There are usually weeks or months between headaches, although some get cluster headaches more often. Headaches are inclined to recur at the same time of day.
Causes Of Cluster Headache
Cluster headache is not associated with a family history, but it is related to the sudden release of histamine or serotonin by the body. Also, this type of headache is related to tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption. Cluster headaches are also related to stress: the glare or intense shine of light.
Diagnosis Of Cluster Headache
Diagnosis of cluster headache is usually based on symptoms and a physical exam. A record of headaches can help confirm the diagnosis. Other tests, such as an MRI of the head, may be needed to rule out other possible causes of the headaches.
Treatment Of Cluster Headache
A medication called sumatriptan is often prescribed because it works specifically to treat headache pain and works faster than other pain relief medications. Breathing pure oxygen for a short time also often helps relieve cluster headache pain. It may be helpful to see a neurologist for treatment recommendations.
Prevention Of Cluster Headache
Some medications can prevent cluster headache episodes. Discussing this in a medical consultation is important, as these medications may not be appropriate in all cases.
Cluster headache is not life-threatening but can interfere with a person’s work and social life. Many people learn to control their headaches, which are generally less frequent over time.