As per the references to characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome, it is a neurobiological disorder that falls within Neurodevelopmental Disorders. According to the records of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). Asperger’s Syndrome affects how people see the world and socialize with other people. It is one of the profiles or spectrum of Autism, the so-called Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
People with Asperger’s see, hear, and feel the world differently from other people. If you have Asperger’s Syndrome, you have a framework for life – it is not a disease and therefore cannot be “cured.” Often, people feel that Asperger’s Syndrome is a fundamental feature of their identity.
Autism is a spectrum condition. All autistic people share specific difficulties, but being autistic has particular and unique implications for each individual. Some people with Asperger’s Syndrome also have mental health problems or other conditions, which means that people need different levels and types of support.
People with Asperger Syndrome have average or above-average intelligence. They generally don’t have the learning difficulties that many autistic people have, but they may have specific learning difficulties. They have fewer problems with communication but may still have difficulty understanding and processing language.
With the right kind of support, we can help everyone to live a more fulfilling life of their choice. Find out how many people have Autism, how people with Asperger’s Syndrome see the world, how we can diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome, and how you can help.
How Common Is Asperger’s Syndrome?
Autism, including characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome, is much more common than most people think. According to a source, around 1% of the world’s population has some ASD, according to the US Government’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data. And according to the specialized magazine, more than 3.5 million Americans have Autism. At the same time, in the UK, 604,000 people are classified within that spectrum.
As to the estimation, Brazil today has about 2 million autistic people. Approximately 407 thousand people in the state of São Paulo alone. People with Asperger syndrome come from all nationalities and cultural, religious, and social backgrounds. However, it affects men more than women.
How Do People With Asperger Syndrome See The World?
Some people with Asperger Syndrome claim to feel the world overwhelmingly, and this can cause great anxiety.
In particular, understanding and relating to other people, participating in family, school, work, and social life can be more difficult. Other people seem to know, intuitively, how to communicate and interact with each other. Still, they may also struggle to build a relationship with people with Asperger Syndrome. People with Asperger Syndrome may wonder why they are “different” and feel that their social differences mean people don’t understand them.
Autistic people, including those with Asperger’s Syndrome, often do not “appear” disabled. Some parents of autistic children people say that other people think that someone takes a child. In contrast, adults think that somebody misunderstands them.
The diagnosis is the formal identification of the condition. A multidisciplinary diagnostic team usually performs it, including a speech therapist, pediatrician, psychiatrist, and psychologist. As the characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome- vary widely from person to person, making a diagnosis can be difficult. It can be diagnosed late in children when compared to other autism spectra. Some difficulties may not be recognized and diagnosed until adulthood.
The Benefits Of a Diagnosis
Some people see a formal diagnosis as a useless label. However, obtaining a timely and complete assessment and diagnosis can be helpful because:
- It helps people with Asperger’s Syndrome (and their families, partners, employers, colleagues, teachers, and friends) understand why they might face particular difficulties. And what can you do about them;
- Allows people to access services and support.
Learn More About Diagnosis And How To Get One.
Getting a formal autism diagnosis can mean accessing the proper support. It also represents an explanation of why certain things are so tricky. There are many “autism tests” online, but these cannot guarantee an accurate diagnosis. These tests are not a substitute for a formal diagnosis.
How To Diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome?
Suppose you want to get an assertive diagnosis. In that case, the first step is to schedule an appointment with a psychologist or neuropsychologist. Professionals specializing in developmental disorders can help you with guidance on the most appropriate treatment.
The characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome vary from one person to another. To get Confirmation of diagnosis, the individual may have persistent difficulties with social communication, social interaction, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, activities, or interests from early childhood. These patterns, in general, “limit and impair day-to-day functioning.”
Autism is a spectrum condition. All autistic people share particular difficulties, but being autistic will affect each individual differently. These differences, along with differences in the diagnostic approach, have resulted in various terms used to diagnose autistic people. Terms we come across include Autism, Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Autism spectrum condition, Atypical Autism, Classic Autism, Kanner Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, High Functioning Autism, and Asperger’s Syndrome.
Due to recent and future changes to the main diagnostic manuals, “autism spectrum disorder” (ASD) will likely become the most common diagnostic term. However, clinicians will still use additional terms to help describe the particular autism profile presented by an individual.
Persistent Difficulties With Social Communication And Social Interaction
Autistic people, including those with Asperger’s Syndrome, have difficulty interpreting verbal and non-verbal language as gestures or tone of voice. Many have a very literal understanding of the language. In general, they cannot understand when people use a word with a second interpretation. For example, when someone uses the expression “that woman is a cat.” It is tough to understand that a cat, in this context, means beauty and not the animal. They may find it challenging to use or understand:
- Facial expressions
- Voice tone
- Jokes and sarcasm
- Abstract concepts.
People with Asperger’s Syndrome generally have good language skills. However, they may still find it testing to understand the expectations of others within conversations. They can repeat what the other person has just said (this is called echolalia) or talk extensively about their interests.
It is essential to speak clearly and consistently and give people time to process information.
People with Asperger Syndrome have difficulty “reading” other people. Recognize or understand the feelings and intentions of others. Express your own emotions. It becomes challenging for them to interact in the social world. They can:
- Appear to be insensitive;
- Seek alone time when overwhelmed by other people;
- Don’t seek other people’s comfort and affection;
- Behaving “strangely” or in a way considered by others to be socially inappropriate.
It cannot be easy to build friendships. Some may want to interact with other people and make friends but may not be sure how to accomplish this.
Restricted And Repetitive Patterns Of Behavior, Activities, Or Interests
Repetitive Behavior and Routines
The world can seem like a very unpredictable and confusing place for people with Asperger Syndrome. Individuals with Asperger’s often prefer to have a daily routine to know what will happen every day. They usually follow the same route to school or work. They like to eat the same food for breakfast.
The use of rules can also be important. It can be difficult for someone with Asperger’s to take a different approach to something once taught the “right” way to do it. They may not be comfortable with the idea of change, but they may be able to cope better if they can prepare for the changes in advance.
Highly Focused Interests
Many people with Asperger’s Syndrome have intense and highly-focused interests, often at a very young age. These can change over time or remain unchanged throughout life, such as arts, music, a taste for cars, or computers. Interest can sometimes be unusual. One person loved to collect garbage, for example. With encouragement, the person developed an interest in recycling and the environment.
Interests like studies, work, volunteering, or other meaningful occupation are having. People with Asperger Syndrome often report that pursuing such interests is critical to their well-being and happiness.
People with Asperger’s Syndrome may also experience greater or lesser sensitivity to sounds, touches, tastes, smells, light, colors, temperatures, or pain. For example, they may find certain background sounds that other people ignore or block out unbearably loud or distracting. It can cause anxiety or even physical pain. Or they may be fascinated by lights or rotating objects.
Causes And Cures
What Causes Asperger’s Syndrome?
The exact cause of Autism (including Asperger’s Syndrome) is still under investigation. Research suggests that a combination of factors – genetic and environmental – may explain differences in development. A person’s education does not cause social circumstances and the individual’s fault with the condition.
Is There a Cure?
There is no “cure” for Asperger’s Syndrome. However, there are several valuable strategies and approaches for better living conditions.